Баазын (өгөгдлийн сан) нэр солих

Магадгүй үе үе өгөгдлийн сангийн нэрийг солих шаардлага, хүсэл тулгарч болох юм. Тиймээс өгөгдлийн сангийн нэрийг nid комманд ашиглан хэрхэн солих талаар жишээгээр танилцуулъя.

  1. Орчин тохируулна
$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [oracle] ? orcl
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/oracle
$
  1. Өгөгдлийн санг mount горимд асаана
$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on Fri Sep 17 01:43:56 2021
Version 19.3.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2019, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to:
Oracle Database 19c Enterprise Edition Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production
Version 19.3.0.0.0

SQL> shu immediate
SQL> startup mount
  1. Коммандын мөрнөөс nid коммандыг ашиглан нэрийг солино. Доорхи жишээний хувьд “orcl” нэрийг “aa” болгон өөрчилж байна. Үр дүнгээс DBID солигдож байгааг анхаараарай.
$ nid target=SYS/syspass dbname=aa

DBNEWID: Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on Fri Sep 17 01:45:18 2021

Copyright (c) 1982, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

Connected to database ORCL (DBID=1611241859)

Connected to server version 19.3.0

Control Files in database:
    /u01/app/oracle/oradata/ORCL/control01.ctl
    /u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORCL/control02.ctl

Change database ID and database name ORCL to AA? (Y/[N]) => Y

Proceeding with operation
Changing database ID from 1611241859 to **2195382510**
Changing database name from ORCL to AA
    Control File /u01/app/oracle/oradata/ORCL/control01.ctl - modified
    Control File /u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORCL/control02.ctl - modified
    Datafile /u01/app/oracle/oradata/ORCL/system01.db - dbid changed, wrote new name
    Datafile /u01/app/oracle/oradata/ORCL/sysaux01.db - dbid changed, wrote new name
    Datafile /u01/app/oracle/oradata/ORCL/undotbs01.db - dbid changed, wrote new name
    Datafile /u01/app/oracle/oradata/ORCL/users01.db - dbid changed, wrote new name
    Datafile /u01/app/oracle/oradata/ORCL/temp01.db - dbid changed, wrote new name
    Control File /u01/app/oracle/oradata/ORCL/control01.ctl - dbid changed, wrote new name
    Control File /u01/app/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORCL/control02.ctl - dbid changed, wrote new name
    Instance shut down

Database name changed to AA.
Modify parameter file and generate a new password file before restarting.
Database ID for database AA changed to 2195382510.
All previous backups and archived redo logs for this database are unusable.
Database is not aware of previous backups and archived logs in Recovery Area.
Database has been shutdown, open database with RESETLOGS option.
Succesfully changed database name and ID.
DBNEWID - Completed succesfully.
  1. Өгөгдлийн санг mount горимд асаахад control файлд өгөгдлийн сангийн нэр зөрөх тул алдаа зааж nomount горимдоо үлдэнэ. Тиймээс db_name болон db_unique_name параметрийг тохируулж өгнө.
$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on Fri Sep 17 01:45:58 2021
Version 19.3.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2019, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup mount
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 3707763120 bytes
Fixed Size		    8903088 bytes
Variable Size		  721420288 bytes
Database Buffers	 2969567232 bytes
Redo Buffers		    7872512 bytes
ORA-01103: database name 'AA' in control file is not 'ORCL'


SQL> show parameter db_name

NAME				     TYPE	 VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
db_name 			     string	 ORCL
SQL> show parameter db_unique_name

NAME				     TYPE	 VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
db_unique_name			     string	 orcl
SQL> alter system set db_name=aa scope=spfile;

System altered.

SQL> alter system set db_unique_name=aa scope=spfile;

System altered.
  1. Өгөгдлийн санг дахин унтрааж асааснаар шинэ нэрээр ашиглахад бэлэн болно.
SQL> shu immediate
SQL> startup mount
ORACLE instance started.

SQL> select dbid from v$database;

      DBID
----------
2195382510
SQL> show parameter db_name

NAME				     TYPE	 VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
db_name 			     string	 AA
SQL> show parameter db_uniq

NAME				     TYPE	 VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
db_unique_name			     string	 AA
SQL>

SQL> alter database open resetlogs;

Database altered.

SQL> select open_mode,database_role from v$database;

OPEN_MODE	     DATABASE_ROLE
-------------------- ----------------
READ WRITE	     PRIMARY

SQL> select status from v$instance;

STATUS
------------
OPEN

SQL>exit

$ echo $ORACLE_SID
orcl
$

Үүний дараа нөөцлөлтөө (backup) дахин шинээр авахаа мартав.

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